What are cookies?
Cookies are simple files that can be downloaded to your computer through web pages. They are scripts that play an essential role in the provision of many information society services. Among other things, they allow a website to store and retrieve information about the browsing habits of a user or their computer and, depending on the information obtained, they can be used to recognise the user and improve the service offered.
Depending on the entity
Depending on the entity that manages the domain from which the cookies are sent and treats the data obtained, two types can be distinguished:
Own Cookies: are those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the editor itself and from which the service requested by the user is provided.
Third-party cookies: those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the editor, but by another entity that treats the data obtained through cookies.
According to the period of time
There is also a second classification according to the length of time they remain stored in the customer’s browser, being able to be:
Session Cookies: These cookies are designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are usually used to store information that is only of interest to keep for the provision of the service requested by the user on a single occasion.
Persistent Cookies: These are cookies in which the data are still stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed for a period defined by the person responsible for the cookie, which can range from a few minutes to several years.
According to the purpose
The last of the classifications is according to the purpose for which the data obtained are processed:
Technical Cookies: are those that allow the user to navigate through a website, platform or application and the use of the different options or services that exist in it as, for example, control traffic and data communication, identify the session, access parts of restricted access, remember the elements that make up an order, make the buying process of an order, make the application for registration or participation in an event, use security features while browsing, store content for broadcasting videos or sound or share content through social networks.
Customization Cookies: These are those that allow the user to access the service with some general features predefined according to a number of criteria in the user’s terminal such as would be the language, the type of browser through which you access the service, the locale from which you access the service, etc..
Analytical Cookies: These are those that allow the person responsible for them, monitoring and analyzing the behavior of users of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected through this type of cookies is used to measure the activity of the websites, application or platform and for the elaboration of browsing profiles of the users of these sites, applications and platforms, in order to introduce improvements based on the analysis of the usage data of the users of the service.
Advertising Cookies: These are those that allow the management, in the most effective way possible, of advertising spaces.
Behavioural advertising cookies: These are those that store information on the behaviour of users obtained through continuous observation of their browsing habits, which allows the development of a specific profile to display advertising based on the same.
Disabling and deleting cookies
You have the option to allow, block or delete cookies installed on your computer by configuring the browser options installed on your computer as well as manage your consent at any time by clicking on the floating button “Consent” located at the bottom of your browser.
You should be aware that by disabling cookies, some of the services available may no longer be operational. The way to disable cookies is different for each browser, but can usually be done from the Tools or Options menu. You can also consult the browser’s Help menu where you can find instructions. The user may at any time choose which cookies they want to operate on this website.
You can allow, block or delete cookies installed on your computer by configuring the browser options installed on your computer. Learn how to disable cookies in your browser at https://www.avg.com/en/signal/disable-cookies